UNESCO (United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization) is a specialized agency of the United Nations that was co-founded by the United States (US) after the Second World War. Its main objective is to contribute to peace and security by using educational, scientific, and cultural reform to promote international collaboration. It also works to improve education for girls, promote understanding of the Holocaust and defend media freedom. Membership of the UN establishes the state as a member of UNESCO. States that are not UN members may be admitted to UNESCO, subject to a recommendation from the Executive Board and a two-thirds majority vote in the General Conference.
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